Motion Speeches

玻璃門的安全監管 Monitoring the safety of glass doors

以下是今日(四月十三日)立法會會議上盧偉國議員的提問和發展局局長陳茂波的書面答覆︰
 
問題:
 
  據報,較早前某百貨公司的一扇大面積玻璃門突然鬆脫,壓傷一名途人。該宗意外引起市民關注玻璃門的安全監管問題。就此,政府可否告知本會:
 
(一)二○一一年至今,每年涉及玻璃門的意外所引致的傷亡人數,以及當中分別有多少人被塌下的玻璃門壓傷及被電動玻璃門夾傷;
 
(二)鑑於機電工程署發出的《電閘、電動玻璃門及電動捲閘裝置操作守則》(《守則》)的最近修訂日期是二○○三年九月,而且該署並無法定權力監管電動玻璃門的安全事宜,當局會否檢討有關法例及該《守則》,以期加強監管電動玻璃門的安全事宜;若會,詳情為何;若否,原因為何;及
 
(三)當局會否制訂法例,統一規管各類手動及電動玻璃門的裝置、維修保養及安全事宜,以加強保障市民的安全;若會,詳情為何;若否,原因為何?
 
答覆:
 
主席:
 
  根據《建築物條例》(第123章)及其附屬法例,於圍牆或建築物入口豎設玻璃門一般屬於建築工程。無論有關工程屬須事先獲得建築事務監督批准及同意方可進行的工程,或屬「小型工程監管制度」下的小型工程或豁免工程,均受上述法例及建築事務監督發出的作業備考及守則規管。其中,建築事務監督已就於圍牆或建築物入口豎設金屬閘發出作業備考,就其設計、安裝、保養及維修提供指引,供建築業界遵從,而相關指引亦適用於玻璃門。有關作業備考訂明,電閘的操作應參考機電工程署發出的《電閘、電動玻璃門及電動捲閘裝置操作守則》(《守則》)。
 
  就問題的三個部分,現回覆如下:
 
(一)二○一一年至二○一五年間,消防處每年接獲與玻璃門意外相關而要求消防人員到場協助拯救的召喚所涉及的傷亡人數如下:
 
年份   受傷人數   死亡人數
--   ----   ----
2011    2        0
2012    7       0
2013    11        0
2014    5       0
2015    3       0
總數    28        0
 
  同一期間,機電工程署接獲報稱被電動玻璃門開關夾傷的人數如下:
 
年份   報稱被電動玻璃門開關夾傷的人數
--   ---------------
2011          2
2012          0
2013          0
2014          2
2015          1
總數          5
 
  我們並沒有資料顯示上述兩個來源的數據是否涵蓋相同的個案。
 
(二)及(三)如上述,進行玻璃門相關工程受《建築物條例》及建築事務監督發出的作業備考及守則規管。如建築事務監督得悉並認為工程違反有關規定,或變得/可變得危險,可命令建築物的業主糾正或作出補救。因此,我們認為無需另訂法例規管玻璃門相關工程。
 
  就機電工程署的《守則》而言,該署五年間只接獲五宗使用電動玻璃門而發生意外的報告,而全部意外只涉及輕微受傷,顯示相關意外的風險十分低。該五宗意外所涉及的電動玻璃門,亦有遵從機電工程署的《守則》。機電工程署認為《守則》已提供足夠的指引,供業界及市民參考。
 
Following is a question by the Dr Hon Lo Wai-kwok and a written reply by the Secretary for Development, Mr Paul Chan, in the Legislative Council today (April 13):
 
Question:
 
     It has been reported that earlier on, a large-size glass door of a department store suddenly came off, crushing and injuring a passer-by.  That accident has aroused public concern about monitoring of the safety of glass doors.  In this connection, will the Government inform this Council:
 
(1) of the casualty figures for accidents involving glass doors each year since 2011 and, in respect of such figures, the respective numbers of persons injured as a result of crushing by falling glass doors and pinching by electrically operated sliding glass doors;
 
(2) as the Code of Practice for Installation of Electrically Operated Sliding Gates, Sliding Glass Doors and Rolling Shutters (the Code) issued by the Electrical and Mechanical Services Department (EMSD) was last revised in September 2003, and the EMSD has no statutory power to monitor the safety of electrically operated sliding glass doors, whether the authorities will review the relevant legislation and the Code, with a view to stepping up the monitoring of the safety of electrically operated sliding glass doors; if they will, of the details; if not, the reasons for that; and
 
(3) whether the authorities will enact legislation to regulate, in a unified manner, the installation, maintenance and repair as well as safety concerning various types of manually and electrically operated glass doors, so as to enhance the protection of public safety; if they will, of the details; if not, the reasons for that?
 
Reply:
 
President,
 
     In general, the erection of a glass door at a fence wall or at an entrance of a building is considered as “building works” under the Buildings Ordinance (Chapter 123) and its subsidiary legislation.  Regardless of whether the works concerned are ones that require the Building Authority's prior approval of plans and consent for commencement,  minor works under the Minor Works Control System or exempted works, they are subject to regulation under the aforementioned legislation and the practice notes and codes issued by the Building Authority.  In particular, the Building Authority has issued a practice note to provide guidelines for compliance by the building industry on the design, installation, maintenance and repair of metal gates at fence walls or entrances of buildings, which also apply to glass doors.  The said practice note states that reference should be made to the Code of Practice for Installation of Electrically Operated Sliding Gates, Sliding Glass Doors and Rolling Shutters published by the Electrical and Mechanical Services Department (the EMSD Code) for electrically operated gates.
 
     The reply to the three parts of the question is as follows:
 
(1) From 2011 to 2015, the numbers of casualties involved in accidents related to glass doors for which the Fire Services Department received calls requesting for its rescue assistance at the scene each year are as follows:
 
Year         No. of           No. of 
        persons injured   persons killed
----    --------------    --------------
2011           2             0
2012           7             0
2013          11            0
2014           5             0
2015           3             0
Total         28             0
 
     During the same period, the number of persons involved in reports received by the Electrical and Mechanical Services Department (EMSD) alleging injuries caused by electrically operated glass doors are as follows:
 
Year         No. of persons alleging injuries 
       caused by electrically operated glass doors
----   ------------------------------------------
2011                    2
2012                    0
2013                    0
2014                    2
2015                    1
Total                    5
 
     We do not have information on whether the two sets of figures above cover the same cases.
 
(2) and (3) As mentioned above, carrying out works related to glass doors are subject to the regulation of the Buildings Ordinance, as well as the practice notes and codes issued by the Building Authority.  Where the Building Authority finds any works are in contravention of any applicable regulation, or the works have been rendered dangerous or are liable to become dangerous, he may, by order, require the owner of the building or premises to carry out rectification or remedial works.  Therefore, we consider that there is no need to introduce new legislation to regulate works related to glass doors.
 
     As far as the EMSD Code is concerned, the fact that only five reports of accidents due to electrically operated glass doors were received by the EMSD in the past five years, and that all such reports involved minimal injuries, shows that the risk of relevant accidents is very low.  The electrically operated glass doors involved in the five accidents mentioned above were in compliance with the EMSD Code.  The EMSD considers that the EMSD Code has provided sufficient guidelines for reference by the industry and members of the public.
 

立法會盧偉國議員 博士 工程師 (工程界)
Legislative Council Ir Dr Hon Lo Wai Kwok (Functional Constituency - Engineering)